When you bought your DSLR, chances are there is already a lens included. Commonly, this lens is called the kit lens and works fine for your regular photography needs. But as you advance in knowledge and skills in photography, you realize your kit lens will not be enough for those shoots you need to make. With that said, there are hundreds of lenses available in the market today to fill those needs. However, the variety of these lenses as far as features and capabilities are concerned can be overwhelming for a newbie photographer to choose which would be best for his/her needs. To make things simple, we have narrowed down the selection to the most common types we think you will need as a photographer, regardless if you are into baby portraits.
Ultra Wide Lenses
Ultra wide angle lenses have a focal length of around less than 24 mm (in 35 mm-format), this means they can take in a wider scene than is typical, though they’re not only about getting all of a subject into a shot. Because of this characteristic, they typically have a large depth of field which means images tend to pull in subjects that are close, and push away more distant ones making them appear further apart. They are typically used inlandscape, architecture and interior photography, as well as other creative uses.
Wide Angle Lenses
Wide angle lenses have a focal length of between 24 mm and 35 mm, with a wide field of view and often also boast of close minimum focusing distances. Thus, they can magnify the perceived distance between subjects in the foreground and background, providing less distortion ultra wide lenses. They are often used when trying to get the whole of a subject in frame like a building or a landscape, as well as interesting portraits
Telephoto lenses are those with a focal length above 70 mm, though many people would argue that “true” telephoto lenses are ones which exceed 135 mm. They focus on a much narrower field of view than other lenses, which makes them good in focusing in on specific details or distant subjects. They are generally larger and heavier than equally specified wider lenses. They can also compress elements such that the objects that are far apart in reality from the camera can appear closer together. They are used often to photograph subjects you can’t (or don’t want to) get close to, like sports or wildlife subjects. They can also be used for shooting portraits and even landscapes where their normalization of relative size can be used to give a sense of scale.
Superzooms are do-it-all lenses which cover focal lengths from wide to telephoto. If you’re someone who doesn’t like the hassle of changing lenses often, superzooms may be for you. The flipside though is that they do not have the same image quality of more dedicated lenses and often have slower and variable maximum apertures.
Macro lenses are the more specialist type of lenses, and they are frequently used to refer to lenses which can be used for extreme close-up photography. Such lenses typically have focal lengths of around 40-200 mm. Because of its close-up functionalities, macro lenses have excellent image sharpness, though it’s worth noting that when working at close distances they also have a tiny depth of field. In addition, they can also be great for portraits thanks to their typical sharpness and focal lengths.
As we have seen, different lenses can give photographers more freedom and capabilities in shooting different types of images under different settings and situations. Thus, it is important that as a photographer, you should first determine the type of photography that you do and the environments you are in that will help you in choosing the perfect lenses for your camera. With proper care and maintenance lenses are good photography investments that can last longer than even your camera.
Canon’s EOS 7D was considered one of the best DSLRs that Canon has ever made as it had a number of great features that made this camera ahead of its class then.
Five years later, as the original 7D has stuck around for quite too long, Canon introduced its successor, the EOS 7D Mark II. Not quite inspired for its name but it seems to at least continue the positive experiences its predecessor first brought. So let’s see how this camera fares in this review.
Features and Design
The Canon EOS 7D Mark II is a 20 megapixel camera with a CMOS APS-C Sensor. It also has Dual Pixel CMOS AF technology of that model, allowing it to smoothly and confidently refocus during Live View and Movies, as well as an 8 channel readout, supporting the faster continuous shooting speed of 10fps and 1080p video at 60p.
It also offers a highly customizable 65 point autofocus system, all of which are cross-type sensors, with the center point sensitive down to -3EV, allowing for better focusing of subjects. It also offers twin memory card slots for more storage. It all adds up to a highly confident DSLR, especially for sports, wildlife and event shooters.
Camera body is pretty much solid and the controls are laid out almost the same as that of the 7D. Its viewfinder is one of the best viewfinders you can find in a DSLR, providing a lot of information you may need. It also has a good LCD screen as well. However, unlike a number of camera LCD screens these days, the 7D Mark II’s LCD is neither a tilting screen nor a touch screen.
As far as connectivity is concerned, this DSLR offers GPS metadata to geotag images captured. However, it does not have a built-in wifi connectivity. You would need to buy either a Canon accessory for wi-fi capability or get wi-fi memory card for instant sharing online.
Canon’s EOS 7D Mark II is simply one of the toughest, fastest and most confident DSLRs, especially for sports and action photography. Compared to the first 7D, the Mark II is a huge improvement.
There’s a lot to like here. The headlining 65-point AF system and 10fps continuous shooting really are a powerful combination, especially when coupled with evaluative metering. Configured to deploy intelligent tracking and recognition, the 7D Mark II allows you focus on your subject, meter correctly and effectively track it as you’re firing bursts. It’s also very responsive. If you can get the subject in the frame even for the briefest moment, there’s a strong chance the 7D Mark II will focus and meter for it correctly.
If you are into a great performing camera, especially for your needs like that of a Manchester Wedding Photographer in taking a lot of action shots, the Canon EOS 7D Mark II is worth the consideration.
Congratulations, you’ve just purchased your dream DSLR camera! You are now very excited to use it but suddenly you realized that you don’t know where to start. You stopped in your track and began flicking through the pages of the manual. There are lots of things listed in the manual that you need ample time to learn everything.
So, what now are the basic things you need to learn about your camera to be able to capture a perfect first shot?
Well, there are 5 basic things you need to study and understand first about your DSLR. Below are short descriptions for each of these 5 important things.
Shutter speed refers to how fast or slow the shutter of your camera is. The length of time the shutter is open is measured in second or fractions of a second. Examples are 1s, ½ s, ¼ s and so on. Setting the shutter to a faster speed can help freeze motion while choosing a lower speed can result to a blurry image suggesting that the subject is in motion.
Fast shutter speed is usually used by sports photographers when shooting a sport event or game. It can help them get a clear, high resolution picture of the athlete in motion because they can freeze the action.
Aperture refers to how wide or small the opening of the camera lens is. The wider the opening of the camera is, the more light will enter. A wide aperture can make the background blurry so the focus is on the main subject. It is known as “f-stop” and this f-stop can immensely affect the end result of your captured image.
ISO is another setting in your camera that you need to master. ISO measures the light that enters the sensor. A high ISO can produce bright images which can be good when you want an image to appear bright even in low light. But then, too much light in high ISO can give you grainy images which can be disappointing.
To keep it balanced, it is important to learn what aperture and shutter speed settings work best with the ISO lever/number you want to use.
White Balance and Exposure
White Balance and exposure are two different things but both aspects matter a lot in photography. Exposure refers to how light or dark the result picture can be. Some pictures get either underexposed (less light) while others get overexposed (too bright) it.
On the other hand, white balance refers to how warm or cool the light is. With white balance, a user aims to maintain the exact whiteness of the subject when it was photographed. Sussex wedding photographer can help you understand white balance and exposure.
Different brands of DSLR cameras offer various shooting modes. The most common that you can find in most DSLRs are as follows:
ManualMode– you will totally control the settings of the camera. You will set the shutter speed, exposure, white balance, ISO among many others.
Aperture Priority mode – you set the depth of field and the camera automatically takes care of the shutter speed.
AV Mode – you set the aperture and ISO settings and the camera adjusts the speed of the shutter.
Shutter Priority – you adjusts the speed of the shutter and the camera automatically sets the right aperture.
By understanding these 5 things, you can most likely get the perfect shots that you desire. Study and master how to adjust the settings of your camera because who knows someday you might become a professional photographer.